Medical marijuana or medical cannabis refers to the use of marijuana as a doctor-prescribed treatment to lessen the pain or discomfort connected with a number of health conditions or to minimize the negative side effects of many standard medical therapies.
Medical marijuana is used for a range of disorders and conditions. A few of these include: Soothing queasiness and vomiting, stimulating appetite in chemotherapy and AIDS patients, reducing eye pressure in glaucoma patients, controlling chronic pain and treating gastrointestinal health problems. Research even suggests that some of the substances in cannabis may contain beneficial characteristics for patients dealing with other health conditions, for example, multiple sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer’s disease, breast cancer, brain cancer, Lou Gehrig’s disease, insomnia, and asthma.
Marijuana has almost 500 compounds, of which about 80 are used for medicine and science. The following are a few compounds thatare used in medical treatment.
– Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the chemical that yields its psychoactive effects. This particular chemical substance has been proven to also be a moderate pain reducer, sleep inducer, and as an antioxidant.
– Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the main compounds used for medical marijuana. CBD has been shown to ease convulsions, inflammation, stress and anxiety, cough, congestion, and nausea or vomiting. It has also been proven to hinder cancer cell growth.
– Cannabinol (CBN) is shown to also inhibit the spread of cancer cells.
– Β-caryophyllene is used to help reduce swelling.
– Cannabigerol is used in the treatment of glaucoma because it lightens intraocular pressure of the eye.
The laws pertaining to medical marijuana can be different from one state to another. They vary from the amount of marijuana a person is allowed to possess, to the expenses to acquire a medical marijuana ID card and even to the guidelines for proof of residency for a person to qualify for a medical cannabis prescription.
Despite the fact that public opinion on medical marijuana has changed dramatically over the last 20 years, opposition to it continues to be strong. One of the biggest criticisms and misconceptions pertains to the impression that medical marijuana has to be smoked. In reality, medical marijuana is often provided to patients in various methods, including inhalers, pills, and even edible baked products. These ways have been shown to be healthier and often more beneficial in easing patients’ pain and/or discomfort.
Marijuana/Cannabis has been used as a religious supplement, medical treatment, and production material for thousands of years and throughout several societies. When it was outlawed in the United States in the 1930s it acquired its frowned on standing. The Controlled Substances Act in 1970 further exaggerated its status by identifying it as a ‘Schedule I’ drug.
Although some might apply the terms legalization and decriminalization reciprocally, there are actually differences between them. Generally terms, legalization signifies that it is not deemed illegal. In other words, you can’t be arrested, put on trial, or face criminal charges. Legalization doesn’t mean you can do what you like and whenever you like. It enables governments to control and monitor these particular activities. For instance, minors can’t buy alcoholic beverages, and there are rules on where you can smoke cigarettes.
In respect to marijuana, governments can control who is permitted to cultivate and distribute it, in what quantities, to whom, under what conditions, and for exactly what reasons. It will even be taxed. Legalization ends up being rather difficult in the US, since marijuana can be permitted at a state level, while at the federal level it is not recognized.
Decriminalization indicates that an activity is still against the law, but enforcement and fines are not as harsh. Authorities may overlook particular activities, and those found violating the law normally face fines or civil charges not prison time. This generally suggests that citizens would be permitted to carry a little amount of marijuana and use it privately, but the bulk manufacturing, shipment, and sale of it would be prohibited. A decriminalized activity can’t be taxed norcan the industry’s producers and buyers be tracked.
Decriminalization of marijuana is typically viewed as progress towards legalization, and can have benefits even to those who do not use it. For instance, decriminalization will reduce the number of nonviolent offenders sent to jail on drug charges, reducing the cost of incarceration to taxpayers.
Those who wish to legalize or decriminalize marijuana should bear in mind that any recommended plans ought to benefit and empower everyone in the community.
Maximizing yield with LED grow lights
As lighting technology advances, cultivators are undoubtedly starting to experience the advantages of switching out HPS grow lights with LED grow lights. Aside from a reduction in energy consumption and utility expenses, cultivators are looking to advance product quality, boost crop and increase efficiencies in their supply chain. There are a few methods for optimizing LED grow lights.
A typical error made when switching over from HID to LED lights is over-watering. HID lighting produces heat and contains high levels of infrared light (IR) which helps dry the soil and plants. LED lighting does not create the same quantity of heat and no IR light, so you have to be vigilant that you don’t over-water your plants.
Growers using HIDs commonly count on the warmth coming from conventional grow lights. After switching over to LED grow lights they often experience a decline in heat because LEDs don’t generate the similar level of heat. This means that growers may have to increase the temperature where the plants are being grown for their crop to prosper. LEDs energy efficiency will offset any increased expense for heating.
Installing your LEDs at the precise level will enrich harvest and quality. You want to ensure that your LEDs can sustain a broad, stable light distribution centered deep in the canopy. If you position your LEDs too high, you could increase your coverage area, but you will also be decreasing the light’s intensity. If you install your LEDs too low, the intense closeness of the light might traumatize your plants and inflict several problems. Your recommended approach is to start off with the LED manufacturer’s installing suggestion, understand your DLI (Daily Light Integral) and determine and adapt from there.
You can illuminate 1 area with one LED light, and repeat the isolation for every cluster of your crop. However, it is best to determine and use many lamps in your facility. Doing this lets the beams to overlap and make the most of light distribution throughout the entire canopy. It is recommended that you ask a professional lighting company for a light plan before you start.
Light cycles set the rhythm for your plant’s life. Indoor cultivators can easily manipulate these light cycles by increasing or reducing the hours of light and darkness, activating a plant’s photoperiod when it is wanted. For greenhouse growers it is also possible to manipulate light and dark cycles by the use of blackout curtains and supplementary lighting. Automated blackout curtains lets growers shut out unwanted sunlight and guarantee required dark times throughout long summer days and additional lighting helps fill the gap of light required during dark winter days. The average light cycle during the fertile period is 18 hours of light each day together with 6 hours of darkness for flowers. A 12/12 interval will activate flowering for most flower crops because the increased amount of uninterrupted darkness informs the plant that fall is drawing near.
Just as you can control the photo-period with LEDs, you can also manipulate exposure to blue, white, red and far-red spectrums at different periods in the plant’s growth cycle. While the flowering cycle can be altered by several variables, a customized light recipe that taps into the far-red spectrum has been proven to reduce the flowering cycle of plants, which quickens the time until harvest. A light formula also permits you to adjust the light level throughout the day. For example, in a greenhouse, cultivators are able to calculate the DLI (Daily Light Integral) for their crop and increase or lower the result depending on the demand for supplemental lighting throughout the day.
With the most up to date advancements in LED lights, night and day can be adjusted for optimum development and yield of your plants while reducing energy costs.
Marijuana Cultivation/Producing Seeds
There are many techniques that can be adopted in order to germinate medical cannabis seeds, but this one has been proven to perform consistently.
Fill a small glass (1.5 oz size) 3/4 with water and add a half a cap full of hydrogen peroxide. This serves to open up the shells as well as improve germination numbers. Place your seeds in the glass and tap the seeds so they sink below the water a couple times. This makes sure that the seeds are moist on the entire shell. Leave the seeds in the cup for 24 to 48 hours and then give them a touch and see if they settle to the bottom. If they go down to the bottom, it shows that the seeds are definitely set for the second phase. If they are still floating, give them a tap and allow them submerge until they too drop to the bottom.
In the next step, you will need to have a re-sealable plastic bag or a plastic container which can be sealed off in order to put the seeds inside after they are ready. Take a 1/4 section of paper towel and soak it. Squeeze the excess water off and place the seeds in a line in the center. Simply fold the paper towel over a few times and then put that in the bag or container you will be using. Now you want to make sure they get a little heat. This may be achieved many ways. You can place the bag or container on a cable box, TV or anything that radiates above room temp heat but never hot temperatures. Leave it alone for 2-4 days. You are trying to find something that can easily help keep the seeds warm and in an ideal setting in order to develop.
You want to check the seeds daily making sure that the paper towel stays damp but certainly not drenched. The seeds require moisture but cannot be saturated with water or mold can easily occur. Following 24 hrs many of the seeds will begin growing their taproots. Once a seed has grown around 1/4″ to 1/2″, you can then put them exactly where you decide to grow the plant.
This tested approach will enable you to keep a greater proportion of your medical marijuana seeds to germinate. This process is far better than just simply putting a seed in the ground and wishing for the best. This is used by medical cannabis cultivators above most others thanks to its solid results.
Huge Benefits of Marijuana
Medical cannabis is legal in several states and may bring health benefits for individuals with a number of medical concerns. Most often, marijuana/cannabis is recommended for the alleviation of severe pain. It can even increase appetite in chemotherapy patients that battle with nausea or vomiting. Marijuana is an alternative medicine that may help reduce the symptoms of several different medical concerns.
Severe pain, primarily back or neck pain may be minimized with medical cannabis. Opioid pain relievers are certainly one option, but they are highly habit forming. The other option is medical cannabis, which does not present the risk of dependence that traditional painkillers do. Likewise, anti-inflammatory medicines also lead to problems with continued use. When smoked, cannabis works nearly instantly. The pain relieving features can be felt within moments.
Gastritis is one condition that can be managed with medical marijuana. Cannabis can manage pain, increase appetite, and muscles, especially in the stomach region. For those reasons, cannabis may be used to lower the painful symptoms of gastritis. During a gastritis flare up, a person may combat the attack by smoking medical marijuana. An added advantage is the fast acting nature of cannabis.
HIV/AIDS patients are also routinely prescribed cannabis where it is legal. The symptoms associated with HIV and AIDS, coupled with the prescribed drugs, can bring about discomfort and lack of appetite. Research studies indicate that marijuana can help AIDS patients to regain their appetites, restore lost body weight, and to bolster their entire outlook on life. Marijuana has also shown to be beneficial in treating depression that is associated with HIV/AIDS.
By applying the clinical viewpoint on these issues and many others, it is possible to see the advantages of marijuana use as a medication. It is apparent that medical cannabis has an enormous range of health-related uses and benefits.
How to Grow Marijuana Outdoors
Cultivating marijuana outdoors is really a daunting job especially if you wish to cultivate a superior product. Cultivating cannabis outdoors is different from growing inside and you need to take appropriate effort to acquire superior yield.
To start out, selecting a perfect place to grow is the most critical detail. The recommended time to choose the ideal spot is during the summer months because the sun moves in the sky as spring turns to summer and fall. The most important requirements while seeking a site are quality soil along with lots of direct sunlight. Marijuana requires rich, fertile soil and needs a minimum of 5 to 8 hours of sunshine per day. If you would like to cultivate an excellent plant, you need to be sure that your growing location is getting plenty of sunlight.
Once you have chosen your location to grow your plants, you must clear the spot in order to prepare the ground.Then mix the soil with theadded nutrients, making sure that you are following directions on the package. You need to have good seedlings or cuttings in order to transplant into your beds once spring arrives. It is recommended to sow the seeds about one half inch deep. Keep in mind that water is vital to cultivate top quality marijuana plants. You therefore need to provide the plantswith a good amount of water throughout their growing period.
Recognize any unwanted insects. When an infestation occurs in a marijuana garden, the insect population can increase quickly. As soon as the infestation is discovered, a variety of solutions are available, depending upon the kind of pest.
The period to harvest your plants depends upon some variables like, bud development, weather, and fungus. After the plant is harvested it is time to dry it. The most reliable method to dry is by hanging it upside down in a place where there is suitable air supply and air flow. The complete drying out process typically takes 1 to 2 weeks depending on volume and the moisture of the area.
Detecting Male or Female Cannabis Plants
The sex of a cannabis plant can be actually identified during the course of its life cycle. The periods are brief, so figuring out the difference is oftentimes challenging. Determining the sex of a cannabis plant is actually necessary to successful reproduction and cultivation of the species. It is important to figure out the male and female plants so that they can easily be divided at the correct times for the aim of cultivation. Monitoring all of the cycle of the cannabisplant helps you to differentiate the sex at each of these periods for detection with the subsequent crop.
Observe the pattern of leaf distribution in each plant of the crop. The plant grows to 40 inches, and then producing successive nodes on the principal stalk. The earliest indicator of the sex shows up whenever the leaves begin to sprout at these nodules. Female plants contain considerably more branching and leaf development than their male counterparts, which possess only a few leaves in a random pattern. Determining the plant’s sex at this early stage lets you to separate male from female plants and make certain that the crop does not go to seed.
Take notice of the shape of the flowers once they bloom. This is generally the period in which the sex contrast is most evident. Male plants produce tight clusters of spherical flowers, while female plants generate V-shaped pistols that are blanketed in patches of small white hairs.
When the plants flower, watch the habits of the plants. They look similar up until they produce their flower. In this phase, the male plants generally become yellow and inevitably die. Before they start to change color, the male plants may be harvested for their fiber. On the other hand, the female plants continue to be green for about a month after they create their flower. In this juncture is when the seed ripens.
How to Grow Cannabis Indoors
Medical together with individual use marijuana is actually allowed by law in numerous states in the United States. For those individuals who can grow cannabis legally, it is critical that you understand the methods of growing and cultivating cannabis. The following is a brief cannabis growing overview that may help you learn the system a little better.
The first step is choosing a space where you prefer to grow your plants. Some great areas include basements, closets as well as attics. No matter which indoor location you pick, see to it that it has easy access to power outlets. You will want to grow your plant in a pot or a container. Always make sure that you choose large plastic containers.
If you decide to grow the plant inside, you have to realize that there is not enough natural light. Since marijuana plants demand a lot of sunlight to grow successfully, you can use artificial lights in order to give your plant all the light it requires to grow. A few ideal options include fluorescent lights, metal halide lights and high pressure sodium light fixtures.
Bear in mind the factors that will impact the rate of photosynthesis, aside from the amount of light reaching the plants. These include humidity, temperature level, carbon dioxide, water, etc.
The best time to harvest is when the plants have commenced flowering. You must absolutely wait for the flowering stage to finish. Cutback the plants, take off the lower big leaves and now they are actually all set to dry. You can place the plants in boxes and mix them around every day in order to help them completely dry quicker. There are additional methods that can be used to dry the plants. As soon as the plants have dried out thoroughly, they are ready for consumption.