Maximizing yield with LED grow lights
As lighting technology advances, cultivators are undoubtedly starting to experience the advantages of switching out HPS grow lights with LED grow lights. Aside from a reduction in energy consumption and utility expenses, cultivators are looking to advance product quality, boost crop and increase efficiencies in their supply chain. There are a few methods for optimizing LED grow lights.
A typical error made when switching over from HID to LED lights is over-watering. HID lighting produces heat and contains high levels of infrared light (IR) which helps dry the soil and plants. LED lighting does not create the same quantity of heat and no IR light, so you have to be vigilant that you don’t over-water your plants.
Growers using HIDs commonly count on the warmth coming from conventional grow lights. After switching over to LED grow lights they often experience a decline in heat because LEDs don’t generate the similar level of heat. This means that growers may have to increase the temperature where the plants are being grown for their crop to prosper. LEDs energy efficiency will offset any increased expense for heating.
Installing your LEDs at the precise level will enrich harvest and quality. You want to ensure that your LEDs can sustain a broad, stable light distribution centered deep in the canopy. If you position your LEDs too high, you could increase your coverage area, but you will also be decreasing the light’s intensity. If you install your LEDs too low, the intense closeness of the light might traumatize your plants and inflict several problems. Your recommended approach is to start off with the LED manufacturer’s installing suggestion, understand your DLI (Daily Light Integral) and determine and adapt from there.
You can illuminate 1 area with one LED light, and repeat the isolation for every cluster of your crop. However, it is best to determine and use many lamps in your facility. Doing this lets the beams to overlap and make the most of light distribution throughout the entire canopy. It is recommended that you ask a professional lighting company for a light plan before you start.
Light cycles set the rhythm for your plant’s life. Indoor cultivators can easily manipulate these light cycles by increasing or reducing the hours of light and darkness, activating a plant’s photoperiod when it is wanted. For greenhouse growers it is also possible to manipulate light and dark cycles by the use of blackout curtains and supplementary lighting. Automated blackout curtains lets growers shut out unwanted sunlight and guarantee required dark times throughout long summer days and additional lighting helps fill the gap of light required during dark winter days. The average light cycle during the fertile period is 18 hours of light each day together with 6 hours of darkness for flowers. A 12/12 interval will activate flowering for most flower crops because the increased amount of uninterrupted darkness informs the plant that fall is drawing near.
Just as you can control the photo-period with LEDs, you can also manipulate exposure to blue, white, red and far-red spectrums at different periods in the plant’s growth cycle. While the flowering cycle can be altered by several variables, a customized light recipe that taps into the far-red spectrum has been proven to reduce the flowering cycle of plants, which quickens the time until harvest. A light formula also permits you to adjust the light level throughout the day. For example, in a greenhouse, cultivators are able to calculate the DLI (Daily Light Integral) for their crop and increase or lower the result depending on the demand for supplemental lighting throughout the day.
With the most up to date advancements in LED lights, night and day can be adjusted for optimum development and yield of your plants while reducing energy costs.